Sunday, August 14, 2011

NPR - Parental Leave: The Swedes Are The Most Generous

The Baby Project
U.S. workers are given 3 months of parental leave for each child. Compared to other nations, this is pretty limited. But as long as it funded by the companies, it won't get any longer than that. On the other hand, I see no way to fund it by government, so there needs to be a different way to this.

The thing that works for me about Sweden's law is that it concludes the men - some say requires the men, since the mother's time is reduced if the father does not take a certain amount of time off. But most of the men want that time and take advantage of it to be with their new child.

Besides what the sex of the baby is, one thing that I'm constantly asked is how much time I'm taking off when I give birth to my baby. I'm due at the end of November.

In the U.S., federal law allows men and women to take three months. Some work places will allow for more, unpaid. But the law doesn't mandate that companies pay anyone time to spend with their babies — and many people simply can't afford to take time off.

So I was surprised to find out that almost every other country in the world — except for a few like Papua New Guinea and Lesotho — pays for either full maternity leave or a portion of it. It's either mandated that companies pay, or social security will dish it out (or it's a combination of both). Of course, the time allotted varies country to country. Some places, like the United Arab Emirates and Tunisia, give new moms 45 days or fewer.

As NPR's Phil Reeves reports tonight on All Things Considered, Sweden has some of the most generous parental leave laws in the world — and the government not only considers the mother, but also the father.

Parents are allocated a total of 480 days per child, which they can take any time until the child is 8 years old. They can share these days, although 60 are allocated specifically to the father. And they are entitled to receive 80 percent of their wages, although this is capped at a certain level.

Paternity leave around the world is harder to chart than maternity leave. In some cases, fathers can tap into the same benefits that mothers get. In other cases — such as Sweden, Norway and Iceland — they have time specifically dedicated to them. Yet in many countries, fathers don't have any time allotted to them at all. A few examples of paternity policies are listed by the International Labour Organization (see page 46).

In Sweden, Reeves reports that dads seem happy. He spoke to men who say the law has really helped them bond with their kids.

One of the benefits of this law, say Swedes, is that employers have no disincentive when it comes to hiring women who may have children and need lots of time off. Occasionally, it is the man who takes the majority of the days off. Still, Swedish men still tend to be better paid than women; this means the family loses more income if fathers take the leave. This helps explain why, according to Swedish government figures, women still take 75 percent of the allocation.

To see how various countries stack up, take a look at our map.

Hear Phil Reeves' full story on All Things Considered, or click on the audio link above.

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